Home to the largest collection of Egyptian artifacts on exhibit in western North America.

Middle Kingdom Overview


The Middle Kingdom

2040 BCE – 1640 BCE

Middle Kingdom NecklaceEgypt was reunited, but things had changed. Pyramids were smaller and there was less wealth in the hands of the rulers. However, the middle class gained access to consumer items such as jewelry and books (in scroll form).

The Middle Kingdom was a time of great literature. Scribes would copy the stories and instructional writings of this time for thousands of years hence.

Middle Kingdom pharaohs strengthened their borders by building fortresses in the western and eastern delta to keep out invading Libyans and peoples of the Levant, respectively. In Nubia, to the south, the Egyptians maintained or expanded extensive outposts dating back to the Old Kingdom.

Monuments: Deir-el-Bahri (Mentuhotep’s Temple), Dendera Temple, and Karnak.

Artifacts from the Middle Kingdom Period

Middle Kingdom Necklace

The Middle Kingdom Overview Video

Interactive Map